Let us assume there were four countries that were on a large island. A hundred years ago they had the same population and the same resources.
Country Green was environmentally responsible. It allowed its population to grow, but forced people to live near work and use public transportation. Individual houses were only allowed for farmers in remote regions and the country prospered. People recycled and used a minimum amount of energy.
Country Small limited its population. It was careless with its resources, but its small population meant less of them were used.
Country Ideal was was environmentally responsible and kept its population down.
Country Red allowed its population to grow and was careless about the environment and the resources.
The four countries are on the verge of war over the resources. They agree to arbitration. What should the arbitrator do? I don’t have answers, but would like to see what others think.